Experts warn that there is risk of spreading infectious diseases incurable in unimaginable scale, writes The Independent . The reason – the increase in the number of “superbugs” that are not any antibiotics, and the decline of interest in developing new drugs, says journalist Jeremy Laurence.
From Europe have been increasing reports of patients virtually untreatable infections. As reported by the European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), in some countries up to 50% of cases of blood poisoning caused by bacteria K.pneumoniae, you can not cure the carbapenems – the most powerful antibiotics.Meanwhile K.pneumoniae – Klebsiella pneumonia – not some kind of exotic bacteria, and common respiratory pathogen and inflammation of the urinary system, which is present in the intestines and is spread by touching dirty objects. In Europe, the incidence of infection of this kind of bacteria resistant to carbapenems has increased from 7 to 15%. “This is particularly disturbing, since this class of antibiotics – a last resort to treat infections resistant to other drugs” – the author notes. The cases reported in Greece, Italy, Austria, Hungary and Cyprus.
“In 2010, also became more strains of E. coli is not susceptible to antibiotics,” – writes the author. In Italy and Spain 25-50% of E. coli contamination could not be cured fluorokinolonom.
“In the UK, identified 70 carriers of the bacteria, which contains the so-called NDM-1 – an enzyme that destroys carbapenems. Another study showed that over 80% of travelers returning from India to Europe, brought in his gut gene NDM”, – mentioned in article .
Scientists warn that if the gene that triggers the synthesis of NDM-1, the spread is wider, the events take a terrifying turn.
In October, the UK Department of Health warned doctors that now gonorrhea should be treated with two drugs simultaneously, and from some common drugs should be abandoned because it has lost effectiveness. “The threat of untreatable gonorrhea in the future is real,” – said representatives of the department.
With regard to the development of new drugs “superbugs”, this work is expensive and difficult. “These drugs are taken short duration courses, so the small business income” – the newspaper writes. The European Commission yesterday announced a program that will encourage research into new antibiotics – has promised to fast-track certification of new drug development and financing in the form of public-private partnership.
According to statistics, in the EU every year about 25 thousand people die from infections resistant to antibiotics.Most of these infections occur in Greece, Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria and Cyprus. “As a rule, these same countries – on the top lines on the use of antibiotics” – emphasizes the newspaper.
Two years ago, the WHO has warned that the abuse of antibiotics risks to bring peace back to the past, when the infection has been cured. “Warnings not heeded,” – the newspaper said.
For its part, the British Ministry of Health does not recommend taking antibiotics long courses of antibiotics and prefer a focused action – against specific infections.